Back to Top
intermingling of Arabian, Portuguese and native cultures is reflected in the
cuisine of Goa, which is a unique blend of richness and simplicity- the
constantly recurring notes being struck by the fish and the coconut.
Goa is also unique in the sense that this mixture of East and West
co-exists in a friendly and peaceful lifestyle.
The best of both worlds has been absorbed and knit into a culture very
distinctly different from that of any other part of India. This is well
reflected in its cuisine.
the villages, food is generally cooked on wood fires in clay pots.
Homesick Goans the world over dream and reminiscence about the
simple life and food of their childhood days, trying to re-create the smoky
flavor of the mid-day curry and the glass of fresh toddy. Even
today, most homes in Goan villages have preserved the tradition of wood fires
and clay pots.
requisites for authentic Goan cooking are certain ingredients peculiar to it.
Hardly any Goan dish is complete without coconut as one of the main
Fresh coconut, in one form or the other, is added or grated, ground fine
into a paste or in the form of a milk, extracted from the flesh of the fresh
ripe coconuts are available in every open market in Goa and often in grocery
most Goan fish and meat dishes, red, dried chilies / peppers are used.
The Goan native chili / pepper is large and pungent.
It gives red colour to the cooking without the fierce pungency of the
normal Indian chili / pepper.
Since the Goan chili / pepper is not always easy to obtain, the Kashmiri chili
/ pepper is used instead.
It has the same qualities as the Goan red, dried chili / pepper.
This red dried chilies / peppers form the major ingredient for the
ground spices in most fish and meat dishes.
For those intending to taste
Goan and Indian cuisine in restaurants, It might be worthwhile to mention the grade of
"spiciness" at the time of ordering the food; generally described as
-mild , moderate or spicy
hot!!!. For the uninitiated it would be well
worth it to start with a "mild spicy version".
Back to Top
Soup in Goa and Goan homes originated with the serving of “Pez”, rice gruel,
served in almost all village homes at around eleven in the morning.
This is usually accompanied by a piece of Mango pickle (known as
“Aamli” in Konkani) and or dry fish roasted or fried in oil.
With the added vegetables, beans, and bits of meat or
fish it is a meal in itself. This
soup is popularly known as Sopa Grossa.
soup consist of "Pez" with chicken, mutton, beef or vegetables, rice, fresh beans, spring
onion, cabbage, green peas, chick peas, tomatoes etc.
is a soup of feasts and no wedding buffet or an important celebration is complete
without it. Great attention is given to its preparation, giving it just that desired
amount of piquancy.
soup is made of chicken, milk, corn flour, cheddar cheese, salt and pepper to
soup is made of flour (sieved), butter and salt to taste.
soup consists of chicken, onions, clove garlic, turmeric, green peas, salt and
pepper to taste.
soup is made of mussels or divined prawns, rice, onions, clove garlic, ginger,
garam masala, and white wine.
soup is made of potatoes (boiled), onions, clove garlic, meat or
vegetable, spinach, and salt and pepper to taste.
soup is made of carrots, meat or vegetables, onions, clove garlic,
tomatoes, flour, sugar, milk, butter and nutmeg.
soup is made of butter, onions, clove garlic, flour, sugar, beef, mutton or chicken,
dry red wine and bread croutons.
soup is made of of dried peas, onions, chicken or vegetables, diced
potatoes and bacon.
Back to Top
Fish is one of the most important ingredients of Goan cuisine. For all practical
purposes, “fish curry and rice” is without doubt Goa's staple diet. All along the
coast, fishing trawlers can be seen casting their nets
to collect the bounty of the Arabian Sea. The catch usually consist of king fish,
mackerels, sardines, shark fish, squid, sting rays, other small fish of many varieties and then the lower sea fish like prawns of
all sizes, crabs, mussels, oysters and crayfish. The Pomphret sometimes called
"Plaice", is not a common
find, and hence is more expensive. During low tides, the smaller shellfish are collected usually by the
womenfolk and children of fishermen and sold fresh in the market
place. During the monsoon months (June-September), fresh fish is scarce and
is sold at a premium
. During this season salted shrimp and mackerels prepared in many different ways, find their way to the family table.
Traditional Fish Curry
It is made of of prawns (peeled / divined ) or sliced fish, green chilies or peppers (deseeded), onion, grated
coconut, coriander seeds, cumin seeds, cloves garlic. Red dried chilies or peppers, ginger, turmeric powder
and tamarind pulp.
This is a curry made without fish during the monsoon season. It goes well with a
variety of pickles and or salted fish prepared in the Goan inimitable style. Eggs
are sometimes used to garnish
the Sorak. The Sorak itself consists of grated coconut, coriander seeds, cumin seeds, cloves garlic, turmeric powder, dried
chilies or peppers, onion, green chilies or peppers (deseeded) and tamarind pulp.
Onion Fish Curry
This consist of prawns, grated coconut, dried chilies or peppers, peppercorns, cloves garlic,
powder and salt to taste.
Amottik Fish Curry
This consists of shark fish or sting ray, dried red chilies or peppers, cloves garlic, ginger, peppercorns,
cloves, cinnamon, cumin seeds, turmeric powder, sugar, vinegar, oil, onions, curry leaves and salt to
This consists of large crabs boiled (only body and claws), red chilies or peppers,
cumin seeds, turmeric
powder, cloves garlic, ginger, oil, onion, grated coconut, garam masala, tamarind pulp and salt to
This consists of Oysters, butter, tomatoes, cloves garlic, green chilies (de-seeded), flour, milk, eggs,
soup cubes (vegetable or chicken), boiled peas, grated cheese, breadcrumbs and salt to taste.
Fried Fish Fingers / Shellfish Platter
This commonly consists of about four fish fillets, twelve large prawns, twelve large oysters, twelve mussels and juice of two
lemons, salt and pepper to taste, breadcrumbs, eggs and oil.
This is specially made of shellfish, crabs, prawns, mussels, clams etc.
This consists of mackerels, lemon juice, turmeric, oil and salt to taste.
This usually consists of about twelve large prawns, white pumpkin, red chilies, ginger, coconut milk, green
turmeric powder and salt to taste.
This is made of fish fillets, large prawns, cloves garlic, turmeric powder,, ginger, red dried
chilies, cumin seeds, mustard seeds, sugar, dried shrimps, oil, onion, tomato puree and salt to taste.
The big Cray-fish, called langouste is sometimes mistaken for the
lobster. It is often called a lobster on a menu, and priced accordingly also. It is made of
Cray fish, oil, onion, green chilies, tomatoes, Recheiado masala, dried shrimps,
sugar and salt to taste.
This is made of sardines, olive oil, tomato puree, pepper corns, clove garlic, sugar, vinegar and salt to
Fofos de Peixe
This is made of Fish, pepper corns, potato (boiled), eggs, clove garlic, ginger, green
juice, coriander, bread crumbs, oil and salt to taste.
This is made of fish, large prawns, coconut grated, coriander, cumin seeds, cloves garlic, ginger,
tomato, green chilies, lemon juice and salt to taste.
This is made of Fish / fillet, oil, onions, ginger, cloves garlic, green chilies, tomatoes, turmeric
powder, vinegar and salt to taste.
This is made of rice, grated coconut, toddy, eggs, prawn Balchao, butter, sugar and salt to taste.
This is made of fish / prawn, coconut grated, oil, onions, tomatoes, green chilies, ginger, turmeric
powder and salt to taste.
Back to Top
popularity of Feni, the native alcoholic drink of Goa is attested to by the fact
that practically every third little house is a “Tavern”.
In general the two types of Feni available are based on what it is
created from. Coconut Feni is made
from toddy, the fermented sap of the coconut tree and cashew Feni is the
fermented juice of the cashew fruit.
cocktails are a must in every cocktail bar of every hotel in Goa.
The rating do not matter. These
cocktail sharpen one’s appetite for food, be it lunch, snacks or dinner and
creates the mood for conversation.
of water, sugar, cinnamon, ripe orange, brandy, ice cubes and red wine
refreshing drink comes from an old recipe from “those were the days” of the
40’s and earlier. It was made to
welcome homecoming relatives and guests. Children
were given a sip or two as an indulgence. This
magic still holds.
of coconut Feni, rum, lemon juice, Angostura bitters, sugar, orange juice, and
nutmeg decorated with a slice of orange and a sprig of mint.
of ice cubes, coconut Feni and coffee liqueur.
of coconut cream, coconut Feni, pineapple juice, ice cubes decorated with wedge
of pineapple and a cherry.
consists of coconut Feni, ice, sugar and lemon juice and wine.
consists of coconut
Feni, ice and orange juice garnished with a slice of orange.
longer drink, it is topped with lemonade or soda water.
or Bloody Mary
of Feni, ice cubes, Worcestershire sauce, lemon juice, pinch of salt, pepper,
sugar and Tabasco sauce decorated with fresh celery and a sprig of mint.
of pineapple, sugar, lemon juice, coconut Feni decorated with half a ring of
of black tea, orange liqueur and some lemon peel into a saucepan, coconut Feni and ice cubes.
It is reportedly guaranteed
to make you sing till the wee hours of the morning.
is a drink originally made with almonds or cashew nuts.
Orchata has a cooling effect on a hot summer day.
It contains no alcohol.
of cashew nuts, water, sugar, rose water or orange flower water, almond essence
and citric acid.
Back to Top
While imbibing Feni, one is treated to an array of
mouth watering Goan snacks.
These are unique to Goa and never quite taste the same anywhere else.
of prawns, onion, grated cheddar cheese, milk and butter.
of dried salted mackerels, onion, cloves garlic, green chilies (de-seeded),
eggs, potatoes, rice flour, salt and pepper to taste.
– Hot Sauce
consists of pepper corns,
dried chilies, cloves garlic, fresh ginger, tamarind and vinegar.
of orange pumpkin, rice flour fried in oil.
of minced mutton or beef, red chilies (dry), green chilies (de-seeded),
cloves, ginger, cloves garlic, bread, eggs.
of mussels, red chilies or peppers, cloves garlic, ginger, masala, cumin seeds,
vinegar, sugar, onion.
of crabs, butter, onion, tomatoes, green chilies or peppers, cloves garlic,
ginger, eggs, breadcrumbs and coriander leaves.
are king prawns that are fried and served.
They are fried applying a paste made of red chilies or peppers, clove
garlic, ginger, garam masala, Cummins seed, vinegar, sugar and onion.
are usually stuffed with prawns, onion chopped fine, green chilies or peppers,
cloves garlic and fried in oil.
of stuffed Papads are served in almost all restaurants of Goa like vegetarian
stuffed masala papa etc.
of fish fillets, large prawns, oysters, mussels, lemon juice, eggs, breadcrumbs,
salt and pepper to taste.
Back to Top
There are some very popular vegetarian dishes, enjoyed by all and
some prepared on special occasions. Beans, lentils and vegetables are usually grown in the rice fields
of Goa after harvesting. Most of these vegetables are cooked with grated coconut and some with a sprinkling of tiny
This consists of Goan rice
(also known as Ukade rice that are reddish in color and thick grained), water and salt to taste.
This is usually eaten with pickle or Papads or dried roasted fish or prawn curry
(very thick). Pez is very popular in Goan homes and usually eaten at
around 11.00 am everyday. Pez is also considered to be the best for patients
recuperating from illness. It is also given to babies for weaning as their first solid food.
This is made of dried black-eyed beans, oil, onion, tomatoes, cloves, ginger,
turmeric powder, tamarind pulp, chili powder / paprika powder, salt to taste and coconut milk.
Kokum Curry (Binda Fruit)
This is made of grated coconut, green
chilies, gloves garlic, pinch of asafetida, kokum peels and salt to taste.
Sprouted Lentil Curry
This consists / made of sprouted green lentils
( Moog Dal), grated coconut, peppercorns, cinnamon, cloves, cloves garlic, oil, mustard seeds, curry leaves, onion, peanuts, tamarind pulp, sugar and salt to
This is made / consists of large breadfruit, water, grated coconut, onion, red
chilies, coriander seeds, cumin seeds, cloves garlic, ginger, curry leaves, turmeric powder, sugar, tamarind pulp, sugar and salt to taste.
This is made / consists of red
beans, dried peppers, cloves, cumin seeds, grated coconut, oil onion, tamarind pulp and salt to taste.
This is made / consists rice flour, grated coconut, onion, coriander, sugar,
green chilies, de-seeded, salt to taste and butter (ghee).
This is made / consists of rice, grated coconut, toddy, sugar and salt to taste.
Sannas without Toddy.
This is made of boiled rice, raw rice, white lentils (known as Udad), dry yeast and
salt to taste.
This is made / consists of Basmati rice, ghee (clarified butter), onion, cloves,
cinnamon, cardamoms, vegetable cubes, fresh lemon juice, olives and green peas.
Made / consists of Basmati rice, Ghee (butter), onion, cloves, cinnamon,
cardamoms, coconut milk, fresh lemon juice, green peas, cauliflower, cashew nuts
and salt to taste.
Back to Top
The typical Goan is a meat and fish eater with a preference for pork, chicken,
beef and mutton. The usual daily meal is “fish curry and rice” along with other various
accompaniments. The evening meal usually consists of a meat dish with a salad or cooked vegetable. Pork and chicken are generally cooked for special
occasions and on Sundays in Goan homes. The ingredients used in Goan meat dishes
are common for chicken, pork, beef and mutton. Because of its significant
Christian population, Goa is one of the few places in India where Pork is
eaten with relish and accepted by society.
Pork is is taboo to both Hindus and Muslims in
India and the significance of this is amply illustrated by what the British
termed as "The Sepoy Mutiny of 1857. It was the first Indian attempt
to overthrow the British and it began with the native Indian soldiers refusing
to use the pork grease used for their rifles, thus triggering the mutiny. It
was subsequently crushed.
A quintessential famous Goan dish is
“Sorpotel” , It is a pork dish and is today available in most beach side restaurants.
“Sorpotel” is usually prepared four to five days in advance. It is warmed up
once a day until the day it is served and eaten with “Sanna”, a steamed rice
Consists of boneless pork, pork liver, tongue, kidneys, red dried chilies,
peppers, peppercorns, cloves garlic, ginger, cumin seeds, cloves, cinnamon, vinegar, oil, coconut feni, green
chilies, peppers, onion and salt to taste.
Consists of Meat, pork liver, tongue, kidneys, red dried
chilies, peppers, peppercorns, cloves garlic, ginger, cumin seeds, cloves, cinnamon, vinegar, oil
Consists of boneless pork, dried red chilies, peppers, peppercorns, cloves,
cinnamon, cumin seeds, cloves garlic, ginger, vinegar, oil, onion, dried prawn powder, sugar.
Consists of pork, beef under cut, peppercorns, cloves, cinnamon, cumin seeds,
mustard seeds, fresh coriander, green chilies / peppers, vinegar, lemon size ball tamarind, sugar, onion, oil, and potatoes.
Consists of pork, red dried chilies, peppers, green chilies, cumin seeds,
peppercorns, ginger, cloves garlic, turmeric powder, oil, tamarind extract, potatoes, onion and tomatoes.
Consists of a small pigling, peppercorns, ginger, cloves garlic, juice, lemon,
pork lard / dripping, onion, tomatoes, green chilies / peppers, cloves garlic, coriander, mint leaves, breadcrumbs, green peas, potatoes and salt to taste.
Consists of pork, red dried chilies / peppers, peppercorns, cloves
garlic, ginger, cinnamon, cumin seeds, mustard seeds, sugar, vinegar, oil, coconut feni, onion and salt to taste.
Consists of pork, vinegar, red chilies / pepper, turmeric powder, cumin
seeds, peppercorns, cloves garlic, oil and salt to taste.
Spiced Pork Sausages
Consists of pork (boneless), vinegar, turmeric powder, red
chilies / peppers, garlic pods, ginger, peppercorns, cloves, cinnamon, cumin seeds and
Girem - Mirem
Consists of pork, oil, onion, tomato, green chilies, coriander leaves,
cumin seeds, peppercorns in vinegar, ginger, turmeric powder and salt to taste.
Chicken Xacuti (Shakuti)
Consists of Chicken, grated coconut, coriander seeds, cumin seeds, poppy
seeds, turmeric powder, red dried chilies, grated nutmeg, aniseed, fennel seeds, oil, onion, green
chilies, tamarind pulp.
Chicken Galinha Cafreal
Consists of Chicken, green chilies / peppers, ginger, cloves garlic,
coriander seeds, cumin seeds, garam masala, lemon juice, oil, onion, tomatoes, potatoes.
Chicken Coconut Curry
Consists of Chicken, oil, onion, coconut milk, cloves garlic, ginger,
coriander powder, cumin powder, green chilies / peppers, tomatoes and salt to taste.
Bife de Goa
Consists of beef undercut, peppercorns, cloves garlic, onion, potatoes,
tomatoes, olive oil, red dried chilies, peppers and vinegar.
Spiced Roast Beef
Consists of beef (sirloin), cloves garlic, ginger, lemon juice, oil,
peppercorns, cinnamon, cloves, red dried chilies / peppers, Worcestershire sauce,
corn flour and potatoes.
Consists of dried black-eyed beans, onion, vinegar, tomatoes, recheiado
masala, cloves garlic, ginger, oil, pork, Goan sausages and salt to taste.
Back to Top
Pickles made of green Mangoes are most popular in Goa. It is made from a
variety of mixed recipes / masala. The pickles are cooked or from fresh fruit or sun cooked.
Mango Water Pickle
This is usually made of small raw green mangoes (seeds still unformed) with a mixture
of red dried chilies / paprika and peppercorns and salt.
This pickle is quickly made for daily use. This is made of raw green mangoes
(seeds still unformed or removing the seed) with green chilies, peppers, salt
Green Mango Chutney
This chutney is made of large green mangoes, grated coconut, green chilies,
peppers, cloves garlic, cumin seeds, sugar, mint leaves, sprig of coriander,
lemon juice and salt.
All the above ingredients are put in a grinder after cutting the mangoes to
small pieces and blend smooth.
Coconut Pickled Fish Relish
This pickle / chutney is made of pickled mackerel (fish), oil, grated coconut,
tamarind pulp, onion, chilies / peppers, cloves garlic, sugar, and fresh coriander
Back to Top
Goan sweets have their origin both in Portugal and also the local Konkan region. At Christmas,
trays of delicacies are produced and consumed. After the Christmas midnight
mass, families visit each other and share a slice of the Christmas cake and a glass of
wine. The next morning there is an exchange of sweets, with each tray covered with a
home made Christmas Crib and a Christmas star. Each locality usually has a
competition to judge the best Star and the Crib.
Goan sweets have the coconut either thinly sliced or in the form of its
This sweet is very popular in Goa. It is made of coconut milk, yolks, flour,
grated nutmeg, cardamom essence, and clarified butter (ghee).
This is a delicious cake and is made of eggs (white), castor sugar, almonds,
baking powder, cream and cherries.
This is a coconut sweet and is made of sugar, water, eggs yolk, grated coconut,
fresh bread cut into small cubes, almond essence and raisins.
This is made of flour, salt, castor sugar, clarified butter (ghee), vanilla and
This is a soft sweetmeat. This is prepared of raw rice, grated coconut, jaggery
(coconut molasses), cashew nuts, butter and vanilla essence.
Neurios are basically prepared from flour and filled / stuffed with raisins,
cashew nuts, grated coconut, sesame seeds, granulated sugar and cardamom powder.