Here is some information on the make up of Goa Police and the Law in Goa. Click on for more...
The organization of Police Services in Goa is very similar to that in the rest of India. The management cadre at the higher level is provided by the elite Indian Police Service (IPS). The total strength of Goa Police is 2990. Goa's police to population ratio is 1:391.
The headquarters of the Goa Police is in Panaji opposite the Azad Maidan. It is the site of the Old Military Barracks. The Chief of Police is the Inspector General of Police (I.G.P).
The criminal justice system in India is different and resembles the British system to a large extent with some amendments. Please refer to a local law professional for exact and up to date information. For those new to the system here is a quick introduction.
Offences or crimes against the law are categorized into- Cognizable and Non-Cognizable offences.
Offence includes murders, rape, kidnapping, abductions, robberies ,Drug
related crimes etc. In every case of a Cognizable offence, the police are required to register
In a Bailable offence, the accused is normally entitled to bail, provided sureties and or the bail amount document is made available to the authorities concerned.
In a Non-Bailable offence, it is only the court which is empowered to grant bail to the accused. Any arrested person shall be produced by the Police before the nearest Magistrate within 24 hours of the arrest. The complainant/accused person is entitled to avail legal advice during the process. If arrested, one is entitled to get information about the reasons of the arrest and the search of one's premises. This information is obtainable from the Investigating Officer.
A Non-Cognizable offence includes include petty offences such as committing public nuisance, abusing, slapping, quarrels within the family or with neighbors, etc. In a case of a Non-Cognizable offences, police have no authority to either investigate the matter or to arrest the persons concerned without the prior permission of the local Magistrate.
Drug related offences are are a special category of Cognizable and Non-Bailable offences and and are prosecuted vigorously under a special act known as "The Narcotics Drugs and Psychotropic Substances Act of 1985". The punishment under this Act. ranges from 6 months to maximum of 30 yrs. depending upon the nature of the offences. There is also a provision for death penalty for certain offences after previous convictions, under this Act. There is also a provision for preventive detention and also a provision for forfeiture of property. The cases under this Act. are registered and investigated by officers of the rank of a Police-Sub Inspector and above. There is also a special Narcotics Cell to aid its investigation.
For those unable to afford Legal Aid, there is a provision for Free Legal Aid. To prevent gender discrimination, only a female Police Woman can arrest a woman suspect. There is a new Women's Police Station that is based in Old Goa that deals with crimes against women and the victims of such crimes in the whole state.
If you have been a witness or a victim of a crime, you have an obligation to report it to the Police Control Room or dial 100. If necessary, please proceed with your information or complaint to the nearest Police Station or Outpost. Your complaint will be registered. If it is a Cognizable Offence it will be called as the FIR (First Information Report). The investigation then begins. In case it is a Non-Cognizable Offence , you will be given a receipt of your complaint.
If you encounter any difficulty or resistance while registering your complaint at the local Police Station, please contact the Police Inspector in Charge of that Police Station. You can also proceed up the hierarchy and contact the Sub Divisional Police Officer (Dy.SP) or the District Superintendent of Police or the Deputy Inspector General of Police. Their telephone numbers are displayed at each and every Police Station and are also listed below for your convenience...
For the latest information and more, please check out the official Goa Police website.
For more on criminal investigation, please check out these select related links that include India's premier investigating agency, The Central Bureau of Investigation and the national Police coordinating agency, the National Crime Research Bureau.
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