Goa's No. 1 tourist information portal
 
Home  About Us Disclaimer Feedback Email Sitemap
 
About Goa
History
Geography
Culture
Sightseeing
Beaches
Temples
Churches
Monuments
FAQ for tourists
Travel
Air
Rail
Road
Boat
Banks
Museums
Maps
Dining
Cuisine
Restaurants
Internet Cafes
Panaji
Margao
Mapusa
Vasco da Gama
Old Goa
Flora & Fauna
Police & Law
Goa Phone Directory
Hinduism
Media

GoaCentral > Travel to Goa > Flora & Fauna of Goa

Flora & Fauna of Goa

Goa's location by default, between the western ghats and the Arabian sea gives it a unique blend of flora and fauna. Click on for more.....

Introduction Common Trees, Shrubs and Plants found in Goa Common Animals found in Goa
Common Birds found in Goa Common Snakes, Reptiles found in Goa Bondla Wildlife Sanctuary
Cottigao Wildlife Sanctuary Bhagwan Mahavir Wildlife Sanctuary at Molem Dr. Salim Ali Bird Sanctuary at Chorao
Back to Top

 

Introduction

The rugged western ghats make it an ideal haven for many species of birds and animals and also provide a corridor for migration.  The western ghats called the Sayhadris in Goa, extend for a total of 600kms in Goa of their total length of 3701 kms. The widest belt of forests along the western ghats is in Goa  and neighboring Karnataka state. The high rainfall accounts for this because the elevation of the mountain range  here is lower here. The coastal areas on the other hand, provide the tropical backdrop. There are several plants and trees unique to Goa and some introduced by the Portuguese, most famous of which is the green Chilies, which today has become an essential ingredient in the Indian Curry.

The tropical location of Goa is responsible for its warm humid climate and laterite and lateritic Clayey-loamy soil. The mean temperature even in the coldest month is over 20 degrees centigrade. Average rainfall is over 500mm along the western ghats and a little less elsewhere. The length of the dry season averages from 5 to 6 months. For all these reasons, the dominant vegetation is of the moist decidous type.

Goa is endowed with over 1512 documented species of plants, over 275 genera of birds, over 48 genera of animals and over  60 genera of reptiles. 

About 10% of Goa is set aside as wildlife reserve and these include four large wildlife sanctuaries.

Back to Top

 

Some of the common trees, plants and shrubs found in Goa are listed below

Local name in Konkani Botanical name Common English name
Ambo Mangifera indica Mango tree
Ambado Spondia mangifera  
Ananas Ananas comosus Pineapple tree
Apto Bahuhinia racemosa  
Asoka Saraca indica  
Assan Pterocarpus marsupium  
Awala Embilica officinalis  
Bayo Cassia fistula Indian laburnum tree
Bavalgi Vitex altissima  
Bibba Semicarpus anacardium  
Bhedas Syzgium caryophyllatum  
Bhendi Thespecia populinea  
Bhiran Garcinia indica  
Billemad Caryota urens  
Boke Bischofia javanica  
Boram Zizuphus mauriliana  
Brev-Damar Canarium strictum  
Caju Anacardium occidentale Cashew tree
Chandado Macaranga peltata  
Char Buchanania lanzan  
Datura Datura stramonium Datura plant
Dhamen Grewia tiliaefilia  
Elamb Machilus marcamtha  
Goinda Diospyros motana  
Goting Terminalia bellerica  
Gunj Adenanthera pavonia  
Gulmohar Delonix regia  
Hedu Adina cordifolia  
Hirda Terminalia chebula  
Irai Calophyllum wightianum  
Jagan Falcouria latifolia  
Jamun Syzgium cumini  
Karmal Dillenia pentagyna  
Katekawach Bridelia retusa  
Kadam Anthocephalus envamba  
Kalamb Mytragyna parviflora  
Kaidol Sterculia urens  
Kala Siras Albizzia odoratissima  
Karanji Pongamia pinnata  
Karamb Olea diocia  
Kadu Khajur Melia comporita  
Kakad Garunga pinnata  
Kalakundo Wrightia tinctoria  
Kamdel Carallia brachiata  
Kamdeli Rhizophora mucoronata  
Karo Strychonos nux-vomica  
Keli Musa paradisiaca Banana tree
Khair Acacia catechu  
Kharvat Ficus asperrma  
Kindal Terminalia paniculata  
Kumbiyo Careya arborea  
Kudo Hollarhena antidysentric  
Kusum Schleichera Oleosa  
Lavang Cinamomum zylariccum  
Matti Terminalia tomentosa / crenulata State Tree
Moi Lanea grandis  
Naal Cocos nucifera Coconut palm
Nano Lagerstoemia lanceolata   
Nagin Sterculia foetida  
Onwal Mimusops elengi  
Oondi Calophyllum inophyllum  
Otomb Artocarpus lakoocha  
Palas Butea monosperma  
Padval Stereospernum personatum  
Pal Phanas Artocarpus hirsuta  
Papaya Carica papaya Papaya tree
Pave Hopea wightiarius  
Phanas Artocarpus heterophyllus Jackfruit tree
Pipal Ficus religiosa  
Pongaro Erythrima indica Flame of the forest
Ranjaiphal Myristica malabarica  
Ran Bhendi Thespecia lampa  
Rinte Sapindus emarginalis  
Saguvan Tectona grandis  
Salai Aparora lindhyana  
Savai Matti Terminalia arjuna  
Saton Alstonia scholarias  
Sawar Bombax malabaricum  
Semdri Mallotus philllipinensis  
Siras Albizzia lebbek  
Shivan Gmelina arborea  
Sissum Dalbergia latifolia  
Taman Lagerstoemia speciosa  
Tetu Oroxylium indicum  
Vad Ficus bengalensis  
Vavalo Holoptelia integrifolia  
Zamba Xylia xylocarpa  
Back to Top

 

Some of the common animals found in Goa are listed below

Local name in Konkani Botanical name Common English name
Van Mannus Loris tardigradus Slender Loris
Makad Macaca radiata Bonnet Macaque
Vandor Presbytis entellus Langur
Vag Panthera tigris Tiger
Bibtto Vag Panthera pardus Leopard
Ran Manzor Paradoxurus hermap[hroditus Toddy Cat
Baul Manzor Felis chaus Jungle Cat
Vagati Felis bengalensis Leopard Cat
Katanoor Viverricula indica Small Indian Civet
Mongus Herpestes edwardsi Common Mongoose
Bhalu Melursus ursinus Sloth Bear
Colo Canisaureus Jackal
Yeul Hyena hyena Striped Hyena
Deucolo Cuon alpinus Wild Dog
Uldh Lutra lutra Common Otter
Uldh Lutra perspicillata Smooth Indian Otter
Vagul Rousettus leshenaulti Fulvous Fruit Bat
Vagul Rhinophus rouxi Rufus Horse Shoe Bat
Pako Pteropus giganteus Indian Flying Fox
Shenkaro Ratufa indica Indian Giant Squirrel
Khadi Khar Funambulus palmarum Three Striped Palm Squirrel
Channi Funambulus pennant Five Striped Palm Squirrel
Pak Mazor Petaurista petaurista Common Giant Flying Squirrel
Undir Mus booduga Indian Field Mouse
Undir Rattus rattus Common House Rat
Koli Undir Bandicot Indica Bandicoot
Chueha Rattus blanford Blanford's Rat
Sal Hystrix indica Common Indian porcupine
Soso Lepus nigricollis Hare
Govo Redo Bos gaurus Indian Bison
Sambhar Cervus unicolor Sambhar Antelope
Chital Axix axis Cheetal
Bhenkaro Muntiacus muntjack Barking Deer
Pisoi Tragulus meminna Mouse Deer
Kuring Axix porcinus Hog Deer
Ran Dukar Sus scrofa Wild Boar
Tiryo Manis crassicaudata Pangolin
Dugong Dygong dugon Sea Cow
     
Back to Top

 

The wildlife Sanctuaries of Goa are

Bhagwan Mahavir Wildlife Sanctuary at Molem.

It is located along the north-east border of Goa at Molem, about 60km from Panaji along the national highway  NH4.

It lies south of the mountainous terrain that separates Goa from its neighbor, Karnataka. It covers  an area of 240 square Kms of thick forests along the western ghats and is the biggest of the three wildlife sanctuaries of Goa. Click on for more...

Back to Top

 

Bondla Wildlife Sanctuary at Bondla.

This is a wildlife sanctuary that is about 50 Kms from Panaji and 38 Kms from Margao and 20 Kms east of Ponda. It is the smaller of the three wild life sanctuaries in Goa, run by the Forest service. It is more of a jungle resort with tourist cottages available on site run by the GTDC. It covers an area of 8 square miles. The common animals that inhabit the sanctuary are the Gaur and the Sambhar deer. It has a small zoo, deer park and botanical gardens. It is a popular destination for school picnics. It is closed on Thursdays. Click on for more....

Back to Top

 

Cottigao Wildlife Sanctuary at Cottigao

This is the second largest of Goa's wild life sanctuaries. It was established in 1969. It has an area of 105 sqKms and is located about 60  Kms from Panaji in Canacona  taluka, about 3  Kms off the Goa Mangalore highway, NH-17.

It is covered with a dense forest and a varied wildlife includes deer, gazelles, monkeys and other fauna. It is best visited in October through March. Guides are available for free at the Forest Warden's office. Click on for more...

Back to Top

 

Dr. Salim Ali Bird Sanctuary at Chorao.

This is Goa's only bird sanctuary, situated on the western tip of the island of Chorao along river Mandovi near Panaji. It is 1.8 Sq Km in area. A variety of local and migratory birds can be found on this island. The sanctuary is named after one of India's  most prominent ornithologists, Dr. Salim Ali. Click on for more...

Back to Top

Search for:

About Goa. History. Geography. Maps. Travel. Road. Air. Rail. BoatCulture. Sightseeing. Beaches. Churches. Temples. Monuments. Museums. Caves. Flora & FaunaDining. Cuisine. Restaurants. FAQ for tourists. Customs formalities. Banks. Currency Exchange. Police & Law. Emergency Phone nos. Internet Cafes. Foreign Missions. Panaji. Margao. Mapusa. Vasco da Gama. Ponda. Old Goa. Arambol. Bambolim. Miramar. Dona Paula. Calangute. Candolim. Baga. Vagator. Anjuna. Colva. Benaulim. Majorda. Palolem. Dudhsagar. Mayem Lake
Home  About Us Disclaimer Feedback Email Sitemap
 
Copyright 2000 Goa Central. Com. All rights reserved.
Revised: April 29, 2001 .